Sargent's Year in Context   (Frontpage)  (Thumbnail Index)

US and World History -- Year In Context
(In large part, dates are from

1870's          70 71 72  737475  76 7778 79
- Franco-German War ( 1870-71), After France declares war on  Prussia, the other German states join with Prussia to invade France,  where they make short work of the French army. Paris holds out,  though, and the Germans begin a 135-day siege of the city, during  which Parisians eat cats, dogs, and even elephants from the zoo. Napoleon III is captured by the Germans
-  "Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea", in a nuclear submarine is published
-  Standard Oil Co. of Ohio is incorporated, with John D. Rockefeller as  president and majority stockholder. The company becomes one of the  most powerful corporations in the United States. John S Sargent paints him 1917
John D Rockefeller
-  Rrailway between Bombay and Calcutta was completed
-  15th Amendment passes, guarantees right to vote regardless of race
-  The Calcutta and Bombay Railroad opened for through traffic
-  The Metropolitan Museum of Art was founded in New York,  The Museum of Fine Arts is established in Boston
-  Manitoba becomes a Canadian Province
- The first America's Cup race
-  Italy is unified after troops seize Rome from the French forces. Rome was declared the capital
-  Robert E. Lee died
-  US Weather Bureau begins operations
-   Whistler paints his mother

- The Second Empire  of France comes to an end and Napoleon III is deposed
- "The  Descent of Man" by Charles Darwin  which postulated humans came from the anthropoid
- 1st Cable Car was patented by Andrew S. Hallidie
- Royal Albert Hall in London was opened by Queen Victoria
- Trade unions legalized in England by an act of Parliament
- Great Chicago Fire destroys over 4 square miles of Chicago
- New York City's Boss Tweed arrested on fraud charges
- Henry Stanley finds David Livingstone at Ujiji, Zanzibar and says "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?" To which Livingstone replies, "Yes, and I feel thankful that I am here to welcome you."
1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879
-  Charles McGill was last felon publicly hanged on Cleveland Public Square
-  1879  John D. Rockefeller organizes the Standard Oil Trust
- "La Marseillaise" becomes French national anthem
-   Albert Einstein, physicist, born
- 1st electric railway opens at Berlin Trades Exposition
- The Zulu War ends by British troops, Zululand is divided in 13 separate kingdoms.
-  The reading room of the British Museum was first lighted with electricity
-  Edison gives public demonstration of his incandescent lamp
-  with Reconstruction over in the South, political repression of southern blacks starts to intensify.
- Pavlov's dog, Ivan Pavlov demonstrates conditioned response.
- The architecture firm McKim, Mead & White is established in New York. It will build many famous New York City buildings, and the Boston Public Library which John Singer Sargent would do murals for.

updated 1/10/2003


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