d'Honneur is France's
highest decoration. It was created by Napoleon Bonaparte in May 1802
first bestowed on July 15, 1804. It is awarded for gallantry in
action or twenty years distinguished service in military or civilian
for work that enhances the reputation of France through scholarship,
sciences, politics, etc.
The head of
Napoleon is on the front.
The back is inscribed with the motto HONNEUR. ET. PATRIE (Honor
Fatherland) AUSPICE. NEAPOLEONE. GALLIA. RENOVATA.
award consists of five classes. In descending order of distinction, they
John Singer Sargent was awarded the
medal after winning the the grand prix of the Paris
Universal of 1889 and then in 1897 was made an officer. From this
he was empowered to make nominations.
In 1904 the award
was given to his
along with his friend Paul
- See the year in