Harvey Cushing (d. 1939) was a neurosurgeon, professor of neurology, a collector of the works of the early anatomists and surgeons, and an avid music lover.
He taught at Johns Hopkins Hospital and the Medial School, was Professor of Surgery at Harvard in 1912 until World War I when he directed base hospitals in Europe. In 1933 he returned to Yale and served as Sterling Professor of Neurology in the School of Medicine and as Director of Studies in the History of Medicine from 1933 to 1937, then Professor Emeritus until his death on October 7, 1939.
The gift of his many books and extensive private collection of exhibits and documents along with the gifts of two other doctors formed (in 1941) the foundation of todays Yale Medical Library called the Harvey Cushing / John Hay Whitney Medical Library.
Dr. Cushing received many honors,
including more than twenty honorary degrees, and was one of six individuals,
and the only surgeon, to be elected to Honorary Fellowship in the British
Royal College of Physicians. His biography of Sir William Osler was awarded
the Pulitzer Prize in 1926.
Sargent's sketch was used to design
the 45¢ Cushing Stamp (USA) which was issued in 1988.